Tips on how to Make Hashish Butter for Meals
Bailey Rahn and Anna Wilcox contributed to this article.
Annabis-infused butter (cannabutter) is one of the simplest and most common ways to make infused cannabis edible. But making butter can be a bit difficult. To activate its psychoactive potential, the flower must be slowly heated to a low temperature. This recipe takes you through this process – called decarboxylation – before going through a step-by-step guide to pouring butter.
Note : Homemade foods are very difficult to dose precisely. This guide gives you some tips for more accurate dosing, but all DIY cannabis chefs should be aware that there is no way to guarantee the effectiveness or homogeneity of their batch.
How to make cannabis-infused butter (or "cannabutter")
Butter is a delicious and versatile carrier for THC and other cannabinoids, although it's not the only one. You can also use coconut oil, olive oil, or another fatty oil for your infusions. Remember that butter burns easily. So keep an eye on your cannabutter while cooking.
- 1 cup of butter
- 1 cup (7-10 grams) of ground cannabis, decarboxylated
The essential (and often overlooked) first step: decarboxylation of cannabis
Before you make your cannabis butter, you must decarboxylate or "decarb" the cannabis flower you are working with. Skipping this step will result in a weak or inactive end product. Here's why: Cannabis buds produce a non-intoxicating acidic cannabinoid called THCA. When we smoke or vaporize cannabis, the heat converts THCA to THC, the molecule that provides euphoric effects. The same process should be used when producing CBD foods.
Some recipes may instruct you to decarburize cannabis directly in hot butter. The less time you spend soaking the buds, the better your butter will taste. For this reason, we recommend decarburizing in the oven first.
Basic recipe for cannabutter
- Decarb the cannabis. Preheat your oven to 245ºF. Place the cannabis buds on a non-stick, oven-safe tray. Cover the compartment with parchment paper to prevent it from sticking. Put the tray in the oven and set a timer for 30-40 minutes. Older, drier cannabis may take less time. (Tip: You can also set your oven to 300ºF and heat for 10 to 18 minutes, although decarburization is recommended slowly and slowly to preserve the cannabinoids better.) Gently mix the buds every 10 minutes with a gentle shake of the tray to expose the surface of the buds evenly.
- Grind. Grind the decarboxylated cannabis roughly with a hand mill.
- Melt butter. Put 1 cup of water and 1 cup of butter in a stockpot or saucepan. Simmer at low temperature and melt the butter. The addition of water helps regulate the temperature and prevents the butter from scorching.
- Add the cannabis. When the butter begins to melt, add your coarsely ground cannabis product.
- Simmer. Keep the heat low (ideally above 160ºF but never above 200ºF) and let the mixture simmer for 2 to 3 hours, stirring occasionally. The mixture should never come to a boil.
- Strain on the cannabis butter. Place a funnel on a glass and line it with a cheese cloth. Once the butter has cooled, pour it over the cheesecloth funnel and let it strain freely. (Tip: Pressing the cheese cloth may push through more bad-tasting plant material.)
- Cool the butter jar. If excess water forms on the bottom of the glass, you can remove the solid butter with a knife and drain the water. (The butter must be chilled for about an hour before the water is removed.)
- Carefully dose. Read the dosage information below before adding your butter to snacks, dishes, or desserts.
Instructions for Slow Cookers
- Grind your cannabis roughly with a hand mill. (Tip: A coffee grinder pulverizes the flower finely and prevents effective screening of bad-tasting plant material.)
- Set your slow cooker to low or somewhere around 160ºF. (Tip: Avoid more than 200ºF to avoid burning or wasting cannabinoids. You can also add some water to prevent burning.)
- Add the butter and ground cannabis. Stir occasionally.
- Switch off the pot after approx. 3 hours and wait until the butter has cooled down.
- stretching as above.
Tips for dosing cannabutter
The effectiveness of your butter depends on many factors, from how long and hot it was cooked to the effectiveness of your raw material. To test the effectiveness of your finished product, spread ¼ or ½ teaspoon on a snack and see how this dose affects you after an hour. Reduce or increase the dose as desired. You can then use this personalized “standard” dose as the basis for your recipes. For more information on why the effectiveness of homemade cannabis foods is so difficult to measure, see the fourth part of this series.
Start at a nearby cannabis shop
Top of the hat to Chef Torrin (a.k.a. The Dank Chef) for bringing in tips, measurements and expertise on this recipe.