5 Issues You Ought to Know About Hemp CBD in Pet Merchandise – firebird-cbdoil
Given that we've all stayed at home lately, it seemed like a good time to talk about our four-legged friends and CBD. When I think about it, I saw Hemp CBD (Hemp CBD) “in the wild” for the first time at my local pet store here in Seattle. Now CBD is so pervasive that I hardly see it on the counter when I eat dog food.
That changed when I was dealing with hemp CBD pet products to prepare for a CLE that was carried out by the seminar group. Below are five things I learned about hemp CBD for pet products as I prepared for my presentation at CBD Considerations in the Northwest.
1. Many pets, like humans, have an endocannabinoid system.
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a signaling system found in the cells of most mammals, including humans, cats and dogs. The ECS is essentially a network of receptors in the brain, organs, tissues, glands and nervous system. The ECS is far from fully understood, but is believed to promote mammalian homeostasis and keep the internal system balanced despite external factors. This can include regulating things like appetite and digestion, motor skills, sleep, and muscle and bone growth. Endocannabinoids, which are naturally produced in the body of mammals, are neurotransmitters that act as messenger substances in the body to communicate with themselves.
Endocannabinoids combine with receptors to transmit messages in the body. There are two main endocannabinoid receptors:
- CB1 receptors – mostly in the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord.
- CB2 receptors – mainly in the peripheral nervous system, including cells and organs.
In contrast to endocannabinoids, which occur naturally in mammals, phytocannabinoids are produced by the cannabis plant as well as by other plants. Phytocannabinoids include THC, CBD, CBN and CBG. THC binds to the CB1 receptors, but the way CBD interacts with ECS is not fully known in humans or animals, although Epidiolex has been approved as a drug to treat epilepsy.
The influence of phytocannabinoids on the ECS is far from fully understood in humans or animals, but there are some results on phytocannabinoids and the ECS in dogs. For example, the U.S. government conducted studies and found that dogs have many cannabinoid receptors in the cerebellum, brainstem and medulla oblongata. This is believed to explain why THC causes static ataxia in dogs, an inability to sit still, which causes tremors and imbalance. Remember, sometimes things that are safe for humans are dangerous for animals, including chocolate, which is toxic to dogs.
Research is limited when it comes to CBD, but a small clinical study at Colorado State University found that CBD oil reduced seizures in epileptic dogs, which means that it can have similar effects to humans.
2. The FDA regulates pet products and does not approve the use of hemp CBD in most scenarios.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has taken a position on hemp CBD in pet products that is very similar to its position on hemp CBD in food. CBD products that have a therapeutic benefit or are intended for the diagnosis, treatment, healing or prevention of diseases are medicinal products within the meaning of the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. The FDA has sent warning letters to hemp CBD pet product manufacturers who made such claims. There is no equivalent to animal supplements, so hemp CBD structural-function claims can also classify pet products as medicines.
New veterinary medicinal products must be approved before they are placed on the market. The FDA requires sponsors of new drugs to demonstrate that the drug is safe and effective. At this point, the FDA has not approved any medicines for animals.
Animal feed products must also be approved before being placed on the market. Food must be approved for certain types. The FDA has also not approved the use of CBD in animal feed.
The FDA regulates the labeling of pet food, but has a strong partner. The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) specifies model labeling regulations, which in turn are implemented by many states. AAFCO is a non-profit, non-governmental organization that does not have an actual regulatory body for pet food. Instead, it is an important advisory body that works with the FDA. AAFCO members include government agencies, the FDA Veterinary Center, and the Candian Food Inspection Agency.
3. AAFCO says that "Hemp and hemp products cannot be used in animal feed or pet food in the United States."
According to a statement published by AAFCO in 2019, hemp and hemp products cannot be used in animal feed or pet food in the United States. AAFCO argues that while private companies are working on applications to determine whether pet food is safe, these applications have not been approved.
4. Some states follow the FDA and AAFCO (like Washington), while others are more lenient.
To truly understand AAFCO's power in regulating animal feed, Colorado is for you. Colorado was one of the first states to introduce hemp and passed laws that allow hemp CBD to be added to food and human supplements as long as these products are manufactured in licensed food handling facilities. It looks different with pet food.
According to the Colorado Department of Agriculture website, this does not apply to animal feed:
CDA is currently not approving registration applications for commercial feed products containing industrial hemp because it is not an approved ingredient that has been approved or recognized by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO, an organization of governmental agriculture departments in all 50 states) the United States FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine (Food and Drug Administration). CDA's decision not to approve these products is in line with AAFCO's position on industrial hemp as well as the positions of other state agricultural departments. Products on the Colorado market that contain unapproved ingredients may be withdrawn from sales orders.
But not every state follows AAFCO. For example, Florida allows hemp extract in animal feed.
5. Pets were a major factor in the change in the attitude of hemp CBD.
One of the first states to regulate the sale of hemp CBD products was Indiana. As early as 2018, I wrote about how Indiana passed comprehensive laws on labeling and manufacturing hemp CBD products. Since then, many other states, including Utah and Texas, have introduced similar labeling standards, making Indiana a leader in hemp CBD policy. This is largely thanks to the Indiana dog and CBD user Teddy McDermott.
A few months before Indiana Governor Eric Holcolmb signed Indiana’s CBD legislation, he was involved in a public dispute over CBD products and pets. This started when Indiana Mayor Hammond, Thomas McDermott Jr., publicly stated that he would give his aging dog Teddy, CBD. McDermott did so despite Indiana Attorney General Curtis Hill's statement that Indiana CBD products were illegal. Governor Holcomb joined the fight in Fido when he told the Times of Northwest Indiana that he was open to treating Indiana’s "first dog", Henry, with CBD oil if it could relieve the miniature schnauzer’s pain.
Governor Holcomb may have done his research on treating Henry with CBD, but I like to think that this has to do with McDermott's dog Teddy and his Twitter feud with AG Hill. Don't worry, I have receipts:
Will Indiana & # 39; s Attorney General (@AGCurtisHill) see me dressed like this? All because @tommcdermottjr got me CBD oil for medical purposes?
My doggy daddy says he has to leave the state to get my medicine now. What's going on here in Indiana? #IStandWithTeddy pic.twitter.com/29KETnCPxS
– Teddy McDermott (@MayorTomCanine) December 14, 2017
See what my doggy dad ordered me for Christmas, another batch #CBDOil to help with my arthritis.
Thankfully Indiana AG (@AGCurtisHill) took the weekend off to check our mailbox because the US Post has no problem delivering this drug. # TeddyforAG pic.twitter.com/56U2a7PQ3W
– Teddy McDermott (@MayorTomCanine) December 27, 2017
Teddy even went so far as to quote and retweet AG Hill's praise from former US Attorney General Jeff Sessions, who picked up the Cole memo.
Indiana's Attorney General @AGCurtisHill is a #political grandfather who tries to find favor with POTUS – he probably hopes to get a job at Jeff Sessions and the United States Department of Justice – since he has no chance of being re-elected in Indiana to become
On the other hand, what do I know, I'm just a dog # TeddyforAG https://t.co/3A3czKScWl
– Teddy McDermott (@MayorTomCanine) January 7, 2018
Fast forward to May 2018, when Teddy enjoyed some well-deserved bragging rights for winning the battle for CBD hemp in the Indiana legislature.
My job @ in #Indiana is now complete, #cbdoil is legal and available without a prescription.
Now my dog father (@tommcdermottjr) no longer has to send my medication to Indiana under the threat of being punished by @ AGCurtisHill – and I can now walk normally and without limping. https://t.co/fbwjnAh917
– Teddy McDermott (@MayorTomCanine) May 1, 2018
Dogs like Teddy helped normalize the CBD in conservative states like Indiana. Hemp CBD pet products exist in a legal gray area, but generally seem safe in most cases. Stakeholders still need to review the safety of these products at AAFCO and the FDA. Remember what is safe for you may not be safe for your pet. So be careful when giving your pets hemp CBD.
The Five Things You Should Know About Hemp CBD in Pet Products first appeared on Harris Bricken.