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Ingestible cannabis oils are a great, smoke-free alternative for medical cannabis users. Since it may be a new format for some, there are often a number of questions about what cannabis oils are and how they are used.

What is cannabis oil and where does it come from?

Cannabinoids (THC and CBD) and terpenes naturally exist as oily syrupy substances, and for this reason it is not uncommon for hands to become sticky when touching fresh cannabis flowers. The sticky feeling you feel has to do with the fact that cannabis flowers and leaves are covered with tiny crystalline structures called trichomes, and these structures contain cannabinoid and terpene oils 1.

Cannabinoid and terpene oils cover the flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant.

Like other oils you will find in the supermarket (i.e. olive oil, corn oil, peanut oil), cannabis oil is made by extracting cannabinoids and terpenes from a raw plant material (i.e. cannabis flowers). The way in which cannabis oils are extracted and refined from the cannabis plant will determine the final chemical composition of a cannabis oil product.

What is the difference between ingestible and non-ingestible cannabis oils?

Once the cannabis oil has been extracted from cannabis flowers, it can be incorporated into various product formats, including cannabis oil with syringe, capsules, oral spray, vapor concentrates, topicals, or transdermal patches (a topically applied product that can enter the bloodstream).

The way the oil is formulated specifically affects the way it should be used. For example, contain ingestible oil products such as our syringe oil bottle, medium chain triglyceride oil (MCT) and should NEVER be consumed by inhalation with a steamer. When heated to values ​​used by steam ovens, carrier oils such as MCT start to burn and then decompose into toxic by-products that can adversely affect the lungs.

Similarly, vapor concentrates formulated for inhalation through a steamer should never be ingested, as these products contain highly concentrated amounts of cannabinoids and terpenes.

Cannabis oil can be used to make a wide variety of product formats.

Inhalation intended Intended to take

External use

Vape concentrates

· Oil with syringe

· Softgel

· Oral Spray

· Topics

· Transdermal

How are ingestible cannabis oils made?

Edible cannabis oils are produced using a supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction process developed to extract (extract) cannabinoids (THC and CBD) from dried cannabis flowers.

Step 1: We activate the cannabis by heating.

Step 2: The activated cannabis (raw material) is extracted with supercritical CO2.
Our CO2 extraction process is similar to cooking with a pressure cooker, whereby we cook the cannabis flowers in the presence of CO2 under high pressure and heat. Under these conditions, CO2 exists as both a liquid and a gas and can penetrate the cannabis materials and extract the desired cannabinoids.

Step 3: The CO2 is evaporated and leaves a concentrated cannabis extract.
After completing the extraction process, we filter out unwanted plant substances that have been extracted in addition to the cannabinoids.

Step 4: The concentrated extract is diluted in medium-chain triglyceride oil (MCT).
Since the final mixture is highly concentrated, we dilute it in MCT oil to achieve a certain effectiveness for THC and CBD. We use MCT oil to make our ingestible oils because it has a long shelf life (does not go bad quickly) and is not allergic, unlike coconut oil, which is listed as an FDA allergen.

DID YOU KNOW? Our medium-chain triglyceride oil (MCT) is not extracted from coconut, but from palm kernel oil. The supplier is 100% vertically integrated and fully RSPO certified for sustainability according to globally recognized certificates. These guidelines are designed to ensure that the source of palm oil comes from a sustainable source and is not harmful to the environment.

More information about the certification program for Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) can be found here.

More about the chemistry of ingestible oils

In addition to THC and CBD, our ingestible cannabis oils can contain small amounts of other cannabinoids (i.e. THCA, CBDA, CBG, CBN) and trace amounts of terpenes (i.e. caryophyllene, humulene) 2. Since ingestible cannabis oils have been more refined than dried flowers, they are classified as such because they contain some, but not all, of the original chemical composition of cannabis *.

* There is currently no standardized definition or criteria for categorizing products as full spectrum or broad spectrum in the cannabis industry. As a result, similar CO2-extracted oils sold in Canada have been referred to as full spectrum by other companies.

An Overview of Ingestible Cannabis Oil Formats

Once the cannabis oil has been diluted in MCT oil, it is packaged in three different formats to meet your individual needs.

gives patients full control over the dosage of their medication. This means that this is a good option for those who are dosing in low or high amounts, or for those who are slowly and gradually increasing their dosing until a value is found that maximizes the therapeutic effects and minimizes potential undesirable side effects. The syringe also makes it convenient to apply the oil under the tongue.

enable the easy transportation of patient medication and enable convenient and discreet use on the go. They allow patients to take their medication in low, regular doses, a practice called "microdosing".

provide a consistent, pre-measured amount of oil for those who know their effective dose. They enable easier and more discreet transportation and the consumption of cannabis oil. Finally, the capsules are tasteless and odorless, since the oil is enclosed in the gel capsule.

How to consume ingestible oils

Edible cannabis oils can be administered by placing them on or under your tongue (sublingually), swallowing them directly, or adding them. Regardless of which way you choose, it will take longer for you to feel the full effect of ingested oils compared to inhaled products such as dried flowers or.

Ingestible cannabis oil formats may be better suited for the treatment of chronic symptoms (develop and persist over time), such as chronic pain and arthritis, due to their longer duration of action3.

 Diagram of the remaining effects of inhalation versus cannabis use "width =" 1024 "height =" 722 "/> </p>
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<p> DID YOU KNOW? You can improve the absorption of cannabis oils ingested by consuming 4.5 on a full stomach (i.e. high-fat meal). </p>
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<h2> Beginning and duration of effects </h2>
<p> According to Health Canada, the effects of cannabis oils ingested begin within 30 minutes to two hours after ingestion and can last up to 12 hours, with some residual effects lasting longer6. The time it takes to feel the effects of ingestible cannabis oils is slower because swallowed cannabis oil has to be absorbed through the digestive tract. Once absorbed, THC and other cannabinoids are metabolized by the liver and eventually enter the bloodstream6. </p>
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By taking cannabis, THC can be converted into a more effective form (11-OH-THC), which contributes to the prolongation of the effect5.

How long should I wait before taking another dose on the same day?

It can take up to four hours for the full effects of cannabis oils to become apparent. For this reason, you should wait at least four to six hours before taking another dose6.

References

1 Solymosi K, Köfalvi A (2017) Cannabis: A Treasury or a Pandora Box? Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry 17: 1-70. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27719666

2 M. Sexton, K. Shelton, P. Haley & M. West (2018). Assessment of cannabinoid and terpenoid content: Cannabis flower compared to supercritical CO2 concentrate. Planta Medica, 84 (04), 234-4. 241. https://www.thieme-connect.com/products/ejournals/html/10.1055/s-0043-119361

3 MacCallum, C.A. & Russo, E.B. (2018). Practical considerations when administering and dosing medical cannabis. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 49, 12-19. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0953620518300049

4 Crockett, J., Critchley, D., Tayo, B., Berwaerts, J. & Morrison, G. (2020). A randomized, phase 1 pharmacokinetic study of the effect of various meal compositions, whole milk and alcohol on cannabidiol exposure and safety in healthy volunteers. Epilepsy. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32012251

5 Stott, C.G., White, L., Wright, S., Wilbraham, D. & Guy, G.W. (2013). A phase I study to evaluate the effect of food on the bioavailability of single doses of the THC / CBD Oromucosal Spray. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 69 (4), 825-834. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00228-012-1393-4

6 Health Canada (2019) What you need to know if you want to consume cannabis. Electronic document, https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/drugs-medication/cannabis/resources/what-you-need-to-know-if-you-choose-to-consume-cannabis .html, accessed February 2020.

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